Over the course of the past year, there have been a number of high profile and confusingly-valuated acquisitions by major tech companies like Google, Apple, and Facebook. Here are some of the major ones:

  • Google is looking to acquire video streaming service Twitch.tv for $1 billion - the service is the fourth largest source of internet traffic in the United States and has 43 million active users.

  • Apple is looking to acquire Beats by Dre for $3 billion - despite being valued at only $1 billion as of September 2013.

  • Facebook picked up Oculus Rift for $2 billion and messaging service WhatsApp for $19 billion.

How is a messaging app with no revenue stream worth 10 times as much as a niche virtual reality headset company? How are a speaker and headphones company worth 3x one of the fastest-growing internet sites (which is already ranked #4 in the US)? How are any really worth as much as they were offered? Really, how do any of these valuations make sense?

It's a very complex and in-depth process. Luckily we've been able to simplify it by putting together this infographic, describing the complicated financial analysis that decides what to offer these disparate companies:

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Step 1: Roll a 20-sided die

Step 2: Multiply it by a billion

 

Finally, everything makes sense.